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Nursing Home Falls

Sometimes when a patient falls in a nursing home, in can be a case of abuse or neglect by nursing home staff

It is never an easy decision to place a loved one in a nursing home. When you entrust the care of someone you hold dear to a nursing home, you are doing so with the belief and understanding that the staff at the nursing home will look out for the best interests of your loved one. However, this is not always the case. Every year elderly individuals suffer from negligence and abuse at nursing home facilities. One of the signs that your loved one is not being properly cared for at the nursing home are falls that occur in the facility.

According to the CDC, “falls are the leading cause of fatal and nonfatal injuries among adults aged ≥65 years (older adults).” The Center reports that of those 65 and older, one in four of these individuals falls each year. 20% of falls “cause a serious injury such as broken bones or a head injury” and some “2.8 million older people are treated in emergency departments for fall injuries” each year. In addition, “over 800,000 patients a year are hospitalized because of a fall injury, most often because of a head injury or hip fracture” and “approximately 27,000 older adults died because of falls” in 2014.

Falls in nursing homes are especially common, according to the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). There are about 1.6 million nursing home residents across the country and about half of these individuals fall each year. In addition, “about 1 in 3 of those who fall will fall two or more times in a year.” AHRQ states that the ‘adverse consequences’ of such a fall include:

  • Reduced quality of life.
  • Increased fear of falling and restriction of activities.
  • Decreased ability to function.
  • Serious injuries.
  • Increased risk of death.

There are a number of things that can cause an elderly person to fall. Some of the common reasons for falls include, but are not limited to:

  • Medical conditions and chronic diseases
  • Medication side effects
  • Lack of monitoring by staff
  • Lack of assistance to complete a task (i.e., go to the bathroom)
  • Unsafe environment (i.e., bad lighting, uneven floors, faulty equipment or furniture)

If a fall was caused by a lack of attention or proper care by the nursing home staff, whether it be that the patient was not properly monitored or that there was a hazard in the facility that was not taken care of, the nursing home could face liability for the injuries their negligence causes. If your loved one has fallen at a nursing home facility and you suspect that the fall occurred because of negligent care or the negligent maintenance of the facility, please do not hesitate to contact the law firm of Dalli & Marino today.


It’s important that you and your loved one ask the nursing home management staff about their fall prevention practices. Aging and illness may not be avertable, but they can be managed, and environmental factors that increase the risk of nursing home falls can be addressed.

Here are a few general strategies that may apply to your loved one and reduce their risk of falling:

  • Preventing fainting: Falls are often a result of an elderly resident standing up too quickly, which suddenly drops their blood pressure and causes them to faint. Medications can help prevent something like this from occurring, though it’s not foolproof. If a patient is prone to blacking out, the management care staff should be advised.
  • Staying active: Though elderly nursing home residents tend to remain sedentary, it’s important that they still find the time to move their body, even if that means just moving around their room or sitting up in bed and stretching. However, those residents who need assistance should be aided by the staff who can help them do so safely. Likewise, caretakers should make sure immobile residents remain comfortable and engaged so they don’t have to get up unnecessarily.
  • Ensuring proper footwear and clear floors: Elderly nursing home residents—and especially the nursing home staff—should create and maintain safe surfaces. This includes making sure the floor space is clear of all potential hazards. Likewise, the nursing home staff should ensure that the residents are not walking around in slippery socks, moccasins, or shoes that are too big for them.

Other measures that may be taken include increased staff assistance at high-risk times, more frequent bathroom breaks with staff assistance, protective clothing, and adjustments to bed and wheelchair seat heights. Likewise, the nursing home should have proper lighting and useful grab bars and handrails.

If your elderly loved one suffers a fall as a result of a lack of any of the above systems, they may be a victim of neglect. Perhaps their risk of falling was not properly assessed or protective measures were not taken. In any case, securing the help of a nursing home abuse lawyer would be in your best interest.


If your loved one was injured because he or she was not properly taken care of in a nursing home then you may choose to hold that facility responsible. In New York, there are several ways to approach this type of case. The approach that you and your attorney decide to take will depend on the facts and circumstances of the case. New York has special laws and regulations that govern resident care in nursing homes. If the nursing home violates a rule or regulation and your loved one is injured, you may have a claim against the nursing home.


One legal theory that can be used to establish liability for a fall is negligence. Negligence is the “failure to exercise the standard of care that a reasonably prudent person would have exercised in a similar situation” Black’s Law Dictionary 1133 (9th ed. 2009). For example, let’s say a nursing home staff member is told about a spill, but does not clean it up within a reasonable amount of time or place a warning sign around the spill. A resident then slips and falls on the wet floor, injuring her hip. The nursing home facility may be held liable for that resident’s injury because the staff failed to clean up the spill in a timely manner or warn residents of the danger.

In New York, in order to prove negligence a plaintiff (the person bringing the case) must establish that there was “‘(i) a duty owed to the plaintiff by the defendant; (ii) breach of that duty; and (iii) injury substantially caused by that breach.'” Pasternack v. Lab. Corp., 807 F.3d 14, 19 (2d Cir. 2015). If a plaintiff can prove all these elements by a preponderance of the evidence then he or she may be able to hold the responsible party liable for damages. Thus, in the above example, the nursing home staff owed a duty to its residents to keep the facility free of hazards, the staff breached this duty by failing to clean up the spill in a reasonable amount of time, and the plaintiff was injured and suffered damages because she fell. Thus, the elderly resident could most likely hold the nursing home liable for her injuries.


Another liability theory available in certain nursing home cases is the Public Health Law, section 2801-d. Under New York law, patients in nursing homes have certain rights, requiring that they be treated with dignity and respect. This statute was designed to “introduce a degree of equality between nursing homes and their otherwise vulnerable and helpless patients and, through private litigation brought by patients either in individual or class action lawsuits, provide a supplemental mechanism for the enforcement of existing standards of care.” Morissett v. Cooke Health Ctr., 8 Misc.3d 506, 512 (N.Y. Misc. 2005). If a nursing home facility violates a patient’s rights then the patient can bringing a claim for damages under section 2801-d of the Public Health Law. This claim can be brought in addition to any other common law claims that the patient may have such as negligence or medical malpractice. Randone v. New York, 30 Misc.3d 335, 339 (N.Y. Misc. 2010). If a facility is found to have violated a patient’s rights, the statute establishes a certain amount of minimum damages that can be awarded. It also permits punitive damages and attorney fees.

Dalli & Marino – New York Nursing Home Abuse Lawyers

Dalli & Marino, LLP is a premier nursing home negligence and elder abuse law firm in New York City, Long Island, New Jersey and Connecticut. Our team of attorneys is familiar with all major nursing home facilities in the New York metropolitan area and has been fighting for the rights of nursing home residents for over 20 years. Dalli & Marino has won millions of dollars for victims of nursing home negligence.

Lawyers Not Screeners

In addition to speaking to a live person whenever you call Dalli & Marino to discuss a nursing home abuse or negligence case, you’ll find that every case is screened by a lawyer, not a receptionist. Contact us and speak to a lawyer who can tell you if you have a case.


A firm must be experienced in the particulars of nursing home operations and applicable state and federal law to be (persuasively) successful at trial. Dalli & Marino, LLP is that law frm.

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