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What Are Bedsores?

Nurse assisting a patientWHAT ARE BEDSORES?

Bedsores are also called pressure ulcers, pressure sores, or decubitis ulcers. The CDC defines bedsores as “wounds caused by unrelieved pressure on the skin.” The National Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel (NPUAP) defines pressure ulcers as “localized damage to the skin and underlying soft tissue usually over a bony prominence or related to a medical or other device.” According to the American Academy of Family Physicians, bedsores “are caused by sitting or lying in one position for too long.” Staying in one position for a long time puts “pressure on certain areas of the body” and this pressure reduces “the blood supply to the skin and the tissues under the skin.” If a person does not move enough then “the blood supply gets too low, a sore may form.”


Bedsores can form in a very short amount of time. A report at Johns Hopkins states that these bedsores can develop “when [the] blood supply to the skin is cut off for more than 2 to 3 hours.” Bedsores do not become gaping wounds right away but rather start as “a red painful area.” When the sore is not properly treated, “the skin can break open and the area can become infected.” The sore can become really deep and “extend into the muscle and bone.”

According to an article by the Mayo Clinic, some of the most common areas for bedsores to occur on an individual is “on [the] skin that covers bony areas of the body, such as the heels, ankles, hips, back, buttocks and tailbone.” In addition, bed sores can form on “the base of the spine (tail bone), the shoulder blades, the backs and sides of the knees, and the back of the head.”


Bedsores occur in four stages, with Stage One being the least severe and Stage Four being the most severe. According to the American Academy of Family Physicians, the bedsore stages are as follows:

“Stage 1. The affected skin looks red and may feel warm to the touch. The area may also burn, hurt or itch. In people who have dark skin, the pressure sore may have a blue or purple tint.

Stage 2. The affected skin is more damaged in a stage 2 pressure sore, which can result in an open sore that looks like an abrasion or a blister. The skin around the wound may discolored. The area is very painful.

Stage 3. These types of pressure sores usually have a crater-like appearance due to increased damage to the tissue below the skin’s surface. This makes the wound deeper.

Stage 4. This is most serious type of pressure sore. The skin and tissue is severely damaged, causing a large wound. Infection can occur at this stage. Muscles, bones, tendons and joints can be affected by stage 4 pressure sores.”


According to the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, which is a part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, “[e]ach year, more than 2.5 million people in the United States develop pressure ulcers.” In a 2013 report, the agency stated that “[e]stimates of pressure ulcer prevalence range from 0.4 to 38 percent in acute care hospitals, 2 to 24 percent in long-term nursing facilities (nursing homes), and 0 to 17 percent in home care settings.” The CDC cites a 2004 study that looked at the occurrence of pressure ulcers among nursing home residents. That study found that “[of] the 1.5 million current U.S. nursing home residents in 2004, about 159,000 (11%) had pressure ulcers of any stage.” About half of the ulcers were Stage Two, with the other half being a mix of Stages One, Three, and Four.


If a resident at a nursing home facility develops a pressure ulcer, especially if that resident is particularly feeble and unable to move around without assistance, this could be a sign of neglect, abuse, or negligence.




Dalli & Marino, LLP has handled hundreds of cases involving elderly residents of nursing homes who suffer injuries such as bedsores, falls, dehydration, medication errors and sexual abuse. As a result, we have gained particular expertise in navigating these highly sensitive matters resulting in numerous successful verdicts and settlements. For example, Dalli & Marino LLP obtained a large jury verdict against a nursing home that failed to properly treat a resident’s bedsores over the course of several months. During the trial, Dalli & Marino LLP proved that the nursing home falsified medical records and his client was awarded hundreds of thousands of dollars.

Do not let your loved one suffer bedsores without receiving compensation for their pain and suffering. Even if your loved one has passed away, a lawsuit can be brought on behalf of the estate to recover for the suffering that bedsores caused.

Contact An Elder Abuse Attorney

If you or a loved one has been the victim of elder abuse, either through neglect in a nursing home or another type of negligent care, please do not hesitate to contact the law firm of Dalli & Marino, LLP. Our attorneys have extensive experience in the entire discipline, and, in cases and the law surrounding Bedsores, and are dedicated to helping our clients recover just compensation for their injuries. You can call our office today at 888 465-8790 or complete our online form.


Dalli & Marino – New York Bedsore Lawyers

Dalli & Marino, LLP is a premier nursing home negligence and elder abuse law firm in New York City, Long Island, New Jersey and Connecticut. Our team of attorneys is familiar with all major nursing home facilities in the New York metropolitan area and has been fighting for the rights of nursing home residents for over 20 years. Dalli & Marino has won millions of dollars for victims of nursing home negligence.

Lawyers Not Screeners

In addition to speaking to a live person whenever you call Dalli & Marino to discuss a nursing home abuse or negligence case, you’ll find that every case is screened by a lawyer, not a receptionist. Contact us and speak to a lawyer who can tell you if you have a case.


A firm must be experienced in the particulars of nursing home operations and applicable state and federal law to be (persuasively) successful at trial. Dalli & Marino, LLP is that law frm.

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Gathering evidence in today’s environment requires a clear understanding of the rules, plus the possible role of electronic medical records/electronic health records (EMR/EHR) and expert witnesses.

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